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Gender, Sexuality and HIV


The basics: Sex, gender and sexuality

This section introduces and explores the concepts of sex, gender and sexual orientation and how they intersect in various ways.


Women and HIV

This page deals with HIV as it affects women and explores why women are biologically and socially more vulnerable to HIV infection than their male counterparts. This section also highlights new and not-so-new HIV prevention methods which have been developed with women in mind. The links between gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV are also touched on.


The Role of Men

Even thought women are more likely to be infected and affected by HIV, certain gender norms and stereotypes put men at increased risk of HIV infection.


Men who have sex with men (MSM)

Men who have sex with men (MSM) include but is not limited to homosexual men. This page outlines the reasons why MSM are more vulnerable to HIV than other populations.



Wits Journalism Anova Health

The project is jointly managed by the Anova Health Institute and the Journalism and Media Studies Programme at the University of the Witwatersrand. The project is funded by by the Health Communication Partnership based at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Centre for Communication Programmes and the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS relief through the United States Agency for International Development under terms of Award No. JH/HESA-02-05 and through the Anova Health Institute through PEPFAR via USAID under Award No. AID-674-A-12-00015.